#17 Light (grades 6-11)
Regular price $19.95
WE SUPPLY in quantities that serve one student or two students working in a lab pair: aluminum foil, waxed paper, mirrors, index cards, 5 heavy-duty D-cell batteries, baby food jar, clear tape, masking tape, straws, canning ring, test tubes, pipette, rubber bands, straight pins, paper clips, thread, microscope slides, hand lenses, flashlight, clear vial
Key: (1st/2nd/3rd) denote needed quantities: (1st) enough for 1 student doing all activities; (2nd) enough for 30 students working in self-paced pairs; (3rd) enough for 30 students working in pairs on the same lesson. Starred* items may be purchased below.1/1/1: packet powdered milk (or fresh milk)
1/1/1: source of water
* 1/10/10: baby food jars
1/10/10: dark-colored cloth towels
1/10/10: flashlights with two fresh size-D batteries -- ask students to bring these from home
* 1/1/1: roll aluminum foil
* 1/6/10: rolls masking tape
* 2/20/20: rectangular pocket mirrors without frames
2/20/20: empty tin cans -- medium 15 or 16 ounce size
1/1/1: roll waxed paper
* 4/40/40: medium-sized rubber bands
* 3/30/30: straight pins
1/10/10: empty cereal boxes
3/30/30: size-D batteries, dead or alive
5/50/50: 4x6 inch index cards
* 5/50/50: paper clips
1/2/5: hole punch
* 1/1/1: spool thread
10/100/100: sheets notebook paper
* 5/50/50: straight plastic drinking straws
2/6/20: bathroom hand mirrors with plane surfaces
* 4/40/40: microscope slides
1/6/10: rectangular cake pans -- about 9x12 inches
* 1/6/10: eyedroppers
1/4/10: empty tuna cans or equivalent size
* 2/8/20: small test tubes
* 4/40/40: hand lenses with handles
1/4/10: transparent plastic pill vials (optional)
1/4/10: prisms (optional)
* 1/4/10: white plates (or paper plates)
1/1/1: sheets each of blue and yellow cellophane (or transparent report covers in blue and yellow)
2/20/20: textbooks of equal size
1/1/1: roll plastic wrap
1/4/10: ball point pens
* 1/5/10: rolls clear tape
* 1/6/10: canning rings
1/10/10: facial tissues (soft toilet paper)
TEACHING StandardsThese 20 Activity Sheets promote excellence in science teaching by these NSES criteria:
Teachers of science...
A: ...plan an inquiry-based science program. (p. 30)
B: ...guide and facilitate learning. (p. 32)
C: ...engage in ongoing assessment of their teaching and of student learning. (p. 37)
D: ...design and manage learning environments that provide students with the time, space, and resources needed for learning science. (p. 43)
CONTENT StandardsThese 20 Activity Sheets contain fundamental content as defined by these NSES guidelines (p. 109).
• Represent a central event or phenomenon in the natural world.
• Represent a central scientific idea and organizing principle.
• Have rich explanatory power.
• Guide fruitful investigations.
• Apply to situations and contexts common to everyday experiences.
• Can be linked to meaningful learning experiences.
• Are developmentally appropriate for students at the grade level specified.
Unifying Concepts and ProcessesNSES Framework: Systems, order, and organization • Evidence, models and explanation • Constancy, change, and measurement • Evolution and equilibrium • Form and function
Core Concepts/Processes: Light behaves both as a particle and as a wave. Both models are required to explain a wide variety of light phenomena. • Law of reflection (angle i = angle r)
Science as Inquiry (content standard A)NSES Framework: Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations. • Design and conduct a scientific investigation. • Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze, and interpret data. • Develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models using evidence. • Think critically and logically to make the relationships between evidence and explanations. • Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predictions. • Communicate scientific procedures and explanations.
Core Inquiries: Examine how animals survive in specific environments. Can you design a critter that hides in plain sight; that survives a class vote?
Physical Science (content standard B)NSES Framework: Light, heat, electricity, and magnetism • Structure and properties of matter • Interactions of energy and matter
Core Content: Light as particles • Light as waves • Shadows • Solar eclipses • Reflection • Refraction • Color addition and subtraction • Real images • Virtual images • Inverted images • Concave, planar and convex mirrors • Focal length • Telescopes • Microscopes • Symmetry