Table of Contents for #37 Animal Survival:
Preparation and Support
A TOPS Teaching Model Getting Ready Gathering Materials Sequencing Activities Gaining a Whole Perspective Review/Test Questions Long Range Objectives Teaching to a Higher Level
Activities and Lesson Notes
- 1. Tell Me Clearly
- 2. You Don't Say
- 3. Compare / Contrast
- 4. Observe / Hypothesize
- 5. Beat It!
- 6. Adapt-A-Bird
- 7. Staying Alive
- 8. Stir Crazy
- 9. Tints and Shades
- 10. Over the Rainbow
- 11. Paint the Landscape
- 12. Oh Say, Can You See?
- 13. Now You See It?
- 14. It's All In Your Mime
- 15. Attention Please!
- 16. Sound Off
- 17. The Untouchables
- 18. To Run or Not to Run
- 19. Get It Together
- 20. Meanwhile, Back in the Jungle
Supplementary Cut Outs
adapt-a-bird body parts selection squares*
Complete Master List for #37 Animal Survival:
Key: (1st/2nd/3rd) denote needed quantities: (1st) enough for 1 student doing all activities; (2nd) enough for 30 students working in self-paced pairs; (3rd) enough for 30 students working in pairs on the same lesson. Starred* items may be purchased below.
- 1/7/10: rolls cellophane tape
- 1/30/30: bugs in jars (students bring from home)
- 1/1/1: roll of string
- 1/10/15: pairs of scissors
- various: classroom animals (any subject that moves or makes noise is suitable). You can even ask the class to observe the teacher, observing them. (A nice way to enjoy 5 minutes of uninterrupted silence!)
- 1/1/1: box aluminum foil
- *1/10/15: large metal washers with 1/2 inch diameter holes
- 1/2/3: sets sealable jars of tempera paint in red, blue, yellow, white and black
- *1/1/1: box straight plastic straws
- 1/30/30: plastic margarine tubs, any color OK
- 1/30/30: plastic margarine lids or equivalent, must be white on inside
- 1/1/1: sink with running water, or a bucket
- 1/30/30: watercolor brushes
- 1/7/10: bottles of paste or glue
- 5/200/200: index cards
- 1/1/1: small box corn flakes
- 1/1/1: cassette tape recorder
- 1/1/1: clock that measures seconds (or substitute wrist watches)
- various: construction materials you ALREADY have on hand. These might include paper and pencil, scissors, construction paper, tape, glue, cardboard, clay, yarn, pipe cleaners, fabric scraps, rubber bands, clothespins, straight pins, bottle caps, buttons, or paper clips. Paper mache supplies may also be useful: flour, water, newspaper strips, molded over forms of crumpled paper and masking tape, balloons, chicken wire and the like.
regular strength, 20 square feet x 12 inches rolls
Buy aluminum foil here as a convenience item, or for less in many grocery stores.
Tape - clear
3/4 inch x 1000 inch roll
Your standard desk tape with matte write-on surface.
Straws - straight
Any length straw, between 0.20 and 0.25 inches in diameter is suitable. Grocery stores generally carry straws with flexible "elbows." You can use those if you cut off the bendable section before using.
Washer - large
1 3/8 inch flat washer with 9/16 inch hole
A specialty item used in #11 Oxidation and #37 Animal Survival.
Teaching Tips for #37 Animal Survival:
No special tips at this time. Please email us with your personal experiences and suggestions that might help or inspire other teachers.
National Science Education Standards (NRC 1996) for #37 Animal Survival:
These 20 Activity Sheets promote excellence in science teaching by these NSES criteria:
Teachers of science...
A: ...plan an inquiry-based science program. (p. 30)
B: ...guide and facilitate learning. (p. 32)
C: ...engage in ongoing assessment of their teaching and of student learning. (p. 37)
D: ...design and manage learning environments that provide students with the time, space, and resources needed for learning science. (p. 43)
These 20 Activity Sheets contain fundamental content as defined by these NSES guidelines (p. 109).
Represent a central event or phenomenon in the natural world.
Represent a central scientific idea and organizing principle.
Have rich explanatory power.
Guide fruitful investigations.
Apply to situations and contexts common to everyday experiences.
Can be linked to meaningful learning experiences.
Are developmentally appropriate for students at the grade level specified.
Unifying Concepts and Processes
NSES Framework: Systems, order, and organization Evidence, models and explanation Constancy, change, and measurement Evolution and equilibrium Form and function
Core Concepts/Processes: Animal adaptations are driven by natural selection. Successful survival strategies pass from generation to generation. Unsuccessful survival strategies do not.
Science as Inquiry (content standard A)
NSES Framework: Design and conduct a scientific investigation. Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze, and interpret data. Develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models using evidence. Think critically and logically to make the relationships between evidence and explanations. Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predictions. Communicate scientific procedures and explanations.
Core Inquiries: Examine how animals survive in specific environments. Can you design a critter that hides in plain sight; that survives a class vote?
Life Science (content standard C)
NSES Framework: The characteristics of organisms Organisms and environments Structure and function in living systems Populations and ecosystems Diversity and adaptations of organisms Interdependence of organisms Behavior of organisms
Core Content: Camouflage Mimicry Predators and prey Hide, fight or flight?
Science and Technology (content standard E)
NSES Framework: Abilities of technological design Understanding about science and technology
Core Content: Design an animal well adapted to survives in its chosen environment: Do you hop, crawl, swim or fly? Will you claw and chew your way through life, or hide and blend in? Do you carry armor, sport quills, sting or just smell bad?