Table of Contents for #44 Scale the Universe:
Preparation and Support
Welcome Standards Why Teach TOPS Photocopy Table Getting Ready Scope and Sequence
Activities and Lesson Notes
A. METRIC LONGTAPE
- 1. Orders of Magnitude
- 2. Unit Analysis
- Supplementary page: longtape
B. LOG SCALES
- 1. Ordering Distance
- 2. Using a Log Scale
- Supplementary pages: DISTANCE tabs (sticky version) DISTANCE tabs (cutout version) log scale log scale key
C. BOOK OF SCALE
- 1. Scale the Universe: (1)
- 2. Scale the Universe: (2)
- 3. Scale the Universe: (3)
- 4. Proportional Thinking
- 5. Ordering Time
- Supplementary pages:
book of scale (line masters) human scale ruler TIME tabs (sticky version) TIME tabs (cutout version)
Complete Master List for #44 Scale the Universe:
Starred* items may be purchased below.
- ruled notebook paper
- pencils with good erasers
- calculators (scientific calculators are a nice option)
- * a roll of masking tape
- * rolls of clear tape (or pre-hang strips from students' desks)
- * straight pins
- soda cans
- meter sticks
- a stapler
- metric desk rulers
- * paper clips
- * hand lenses (optional)
- magnetic compasses (optional)
- drawing compasses (optional)
- waxed paper (alternative to drawing compass)
- a roll of string (nonelastic kite string is ideal)
Solar Eclipse Viewing Glasses
CE Certified for solar viewing - use with book #40 The Earth Moon and Sun and #45 Pi in the Sky
Special offer for the 2012 solar eclipse on May 20th. Those west of the Mississippi should be able to view at least a partial solar eclipse. A small strip of land from Lubbock, TX to Medford, OR will be able to see a ring of fire! While supplies last, get yours today!
Magnifier - hand lens
3X clear plastic hand lens
You'll find many uses for this basic tool of scientific inquiry. Very nice quality for the price. Supports #17 Light, #23 Rocks and Minerals, and #42 Focus Pocus. (One 3X hand lens is also included in each #100 Triple Magnifier Kit.)
size #1, steel, box of 100
Paper clips have 1001 uses in TOPS experiments, and science in general. Feel free to use paper clips you already have, but be aware that different brands come in different sizes and weights. In experiments where uniformity is important, don't mix brands.
steel, one and 1/16 inch long
Used in many TOPS experiments. Sometimes required for their magnetic properties. Don't purchase aluminum straight pins by mistake.
Tape - clear
3/4 inch x 1000 inch roll
Your standard desk tape with matte write-on surface.
Tape - masking
3/4 inch x 60 yd roll
A handy science supply used in most TOPS modules.
Teaching Tips for #44 Scale the Universe:
We encourage improvisation - it's one of the main goals of our hands-on approach! You and your students might invent a simpler, sturdier or more accurate system; might ask a better question; might design a better extension. Hooray for ingenuity! When this occurs, we'd love to hear about it and share it with other educators. Please send ideas and photos to firstname.lastname@example.org.
National Science Education Standards (NRC 1996) for #44 Scale the Universe:
These 9 lessons promote excellence in science teaching by these NSES criteria:
Teachers of science...
A: ...plan an inquiry-based science program. (p. 30)
B: ...guide and facilitate learning. (p. 32)
C: ...engage in ongoing assessment of their teaching and of student learning. (p. 37)
D: ...design and manage learning environments that provide students with the time, space, and resources needed for learning science. (p. 43)
These 9 lessons contain fundamental content as defined by these NSES guidelines (p. 109).
Represent a central event or phenomenon in the natural world.
Represent a central scientific idea and organizing principle.
Have rich explanatory power.
Guide fruitful investigations.
Apply to situations and contexts common to everyday experiences.
Can be linked to meaningful learning experiences.
Are developmentally appropriate for students at the grade level specified.
Unifying Concepts and Processes
NSES Framework: Systems, order, and organization Evidence, models and explanation Constancy, change, and measurement Evolution and equilibrium Form and function
Core Concepts/Processes: Understand your place in the universe - where you fit into grand scales of space and time. Draw anything large or small in Books of Scale. Each turn of the page magnifies or reduces scale by a power of ten.
Science as Inquiry (content standard A)
NSES Framework: Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations. Design and conduct a scientific investigation. Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze, and interpret data. Develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models using evidence. Think critically and logically to connect evidence and explanations. Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predictions. Communicate scientific procedures and explanations. Use mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.
Core Inquiries: Orders of magnitude Unit analysis Scaling Powers of ten Metric units Log scales Scale drawings
Earth and Space Science (content standard D)
NSES Framework: Properties of earth materials Objects in the sky Earth in the solar system Origin and evolution of the universe
Core Content: Learn to think in scale and proportion: If Mt. Everest fit into a tiny pore in my skin: Earth would be as large as a grapefruit; I could walk to the moon in 4 giant steps; I could walk to the Sun in 18 minutes.